The Taurus mountains run the length of Turkey’s Mediterranean coast, forming the southern border of the Anatolian plateau and stretching for close to 1,250 miles from Egridir Lake in the west to the upper side of the Euphrates River near the Syrian border. Fed by rich minerals in the Taurus’ many streams, rare species of plants and animals have sprung up throughout the range, providing the perfect natural environment for jeep safaris through the Taurus Mountains, hiking, mountain climbing, horse riding and camping.
Modern Bodrum is situated on the site of what was once Halicarnassus, one of the great cities of antiquity, famous for the tomb of Mausolus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Today, little of this once illustrious metropolis remains, but of those structures that do, the Bodrum Amphitheater is one of the best preserved.
Chances you’ll have at least a day to explore the wider area around Izmir, and in this case there are a number of nearby sites far more interesting than what Izmir itself has to offer in terms of archeological remains. For shore excursions from Izmir, considering the following.
Ancient Smyrna, or ‘Izmir’ as it is known in the modern world, has more than 4,000 years of history, with archaeological remains from the Trojans, Hittites, Lydians, Greeks, Roman and Ottomans all represented here. With so many civilizations leaving their mark throughout the city’s history, it should be fairly obvious that the Aegean coast on which the city sits was quite important to the ancient world.
Straddling the Mediterranean coast and flanked by the Taurus Mountains of southwest Turkey, the region of Antalya, known as ‘Pamphilia’ in the ancient world, is full of archaeological treasures, many of which are within an hour or so of the city.
Relatively unheard of outside of Turkey, the gorgeous Turkish Riviera encompasses much of the country’s southwest coastline, including the provinces of Antalya and Muğla and parts of Aydın, southern İzmir and western Mersin. Luring visitors from around the world with its favorable climate, warm seas, picturesque coastal villages, comely bays, abundant natural beauty, more than a thousand kilometers of shoreline and scores of ancient ancient ruins, the Turkish Riviera is ideal if you want to experience the best of the Turkish coast.
The history of Ankara began long with the Bronze Age Hatti civilization, who followed by the Hittites, who subsumed the Hatti and became the region’s dominant power around 2000 BC. The Hittites were followed by the Phyrgians, the Lydians, the Persians, the Galatians, the Roman and finally the Turks. Needless to say, Ankara has a pretty extensive history, and some remnants of these past civilization remain today.
Southeast Turkey is a land of majestic peaks, rugged plateaus and deep valleys, and at the heart of this magnificent landscape is Lake Van (Van Gölü), a vast inland sea ringed by snow-capped mountains.
Originating in the Mescit Mountains in north-eastern Turkey and flowing 290 miles along the Kelkit-Çoruh Fault through the cities of Bayburt, Ispir, Yusufeli and Artvin before dumping into the Black Sea, the Coruh River is one of the fastest-flowing rivers in the world.
The Lycian Way is a 315-mile (509-km), 25-day marked trail along the Lycian coast in southern Turkey, stretching from Fethiye to Antalya and passing through some truly remarkable scenery. In fact, some portions of the trail are so gorgeous that the Sunday Times named the Lycian Way as one of the ten most beautiful long distance hikes in the world.